The European Patent Office and Technology Transfer

related research activities; f) (...) g) support innovation in Europe by promoting and participating in education and training projects designed for i...

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The European Patent Office and Technology Transfer A brief overview

Enrico Luzzatto, [email protected]

Senior Advisor, European Patent Academy, European Patent Office, Munich

Rome, 17 September 2019

Overview of the presentation

§  The EPO §  The European Patent Academy §  Some Figures §  EPO and Tech Transfer: Today and Tomorrow

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The EPO: some information §  Second-largest intergovernmental institution in Europe (about 7000 staff) §  Not an EU institution §  Self-financing, i.e. revenue from fees covers operating and capital expenditure

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Today ... an area with some 700m inhabitants 38 European member states Belgium • Germany • France • Luxembourg • Netherlands Switzerland • United Kingdom • Sweden • Italy • Austria Liechtenstein • Greece • Spain • Denmark • Monaco Portugal • Ireland • Finland • Cyprus • Turkey Bulgaria • Czech Rep. • Estonia • Slovakia Slovenia • Hungary • Romania • Poland • Iceland Lithuania • Latvia • Malta • Croatia • Norway Former Yugoslav Rep. Macedonia San Marino • Albania • Serbia Two European extension states Bosnia and Herzegovina • Montenegro Four validation states Republic of Moldova • Morocco • Tunisia Cambodia

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Our mission

We are proud to deliver high-quality patents and efficient services that foster innovation, competitiveness and economic growth.

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Structure of the European Patent Office Presidential Area Controlling Office

President

Internal Audit and Oversight

António Campinos

Administration of the Reserve Funds

Boards of Appeal Unit President of the Boards of Appeal Carl Josefsson

Council Secretariat

Directorate-General

Directorate-General

Directorate-General

Patent Granting Process

Corporate Services

Legal and International Affairs

Vice-President Mr Stephen Rowan

Vice-President Ms Nellie Simon

Operations

Support

Mobility and Mechatronics

Business Services

Healthcare, Biotechnology and Chemistry

Information and Communications Technology

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User Support and Quality Management

Automation Support

Vice-President Mr Christoph Ernst

Human Resources

European and International Co-operation

General Administration

Unitary Patent, European and International Legal Affairs

Central Procurement

Legal Services

Finance

Patent Information – European Patent Academy

Information Management

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Objectives of the European Patent Academy (...) (a) to foster the development and harmonisation of education and training in the field of European and international patent-related intellectual property law and practice in the present and future member states of the European Patent Organisation for the benefit of the European patent (...) (d) to contribute to Europe’s innovation capacity by improving the expertise and skills of the users of the European patent system.

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Tasks of the European Patent Academy (...) e)  increase awareness of the European patent system by supporting European patent-related intellectual property lectures at universities and encourage patentrelated research activities; f)  (...) g)  support innovation in Europe by promoting and participating in education and training projects designed for industry and patent system users in the areas of intellectual property creation, strategy, evaluation and management;

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Universities and PROs are important actors for innovation in Europe

Universities and public research institutes

Patent applications at the EPO in 2018 (2017,2016, 2015, 2014)

9% (7%,6%, 5%, 6%) SMEs, individual inventors

20% (24%,28%, 26%, 30%)

Large enterprises

71% (69%,66%, 69%, 64%)

The evaluation is based on a representative sample of patent applications treated by the EPO in 2016. It refers to the European Commission definition of SMEs (2003/361/EC). Data available in government and commercial databases as well as on company internet sites are analysed to allocate the applicant to one of the four categories. Depending on the company policy, the cross-ownership criteria can be difficult to evaluate. To ensure that the results remain statistically significant, no analysis per country or industrial sector is provided.

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Top countries for European patent applications1

40

TOP

2018 Change

2018 Change

2018 Change

1 United States

43 612

2.7%

15 Spain

1 776

6.3%

29 Cayman Islands

367

52.9%

2 Germany

26 734

4.7%

16 Chinese Taipei

1 767

8.9%

30 Puerto Rico

365

31.3%

3 Japan

22 615

3.9%

17 Finland

1 728

-3.8%

31 Barbados

332

95.3%

4 France

10 317

-2.8%

18 Canada

1 596

5.5%

32 Saudi Arabia

264

88.6%

5 P.R. China

9 401

8.8%

19 Israel

1 456

4.9%

33 Czech Republic

242

17.5%

6 Switzerland

7 927

7.8%

20 Australia

978

16.3%

34 Russian Federation

229

13.4%

7 R. Korea

7 296

13.0%

21 Ireland

801

21.4%

35 Portugal

220

46.7%

8 Netherlands

7 140

1.4%

22 India

710

4.7%

36 New Zealand

194

-3.5%

9 United Kingdom

5 736

7.8%

23 Norway

610

14.9%

37 Brazil

161

-2.4%

10 Italy

4 399

0.9%

24 Turkey

572

-37.2%

38 Greece

120

17.6%

11 Sweden

4 050

7.1%

25 Poland

534

19.7%

38 Hungary

120

26.3%

12 Denmark

2 390

14.4%

26 Singapore

523

20.2%

40 Hong Kong

112

2.8%

13 Belgium

2 360

9.7%

27 Luxembourg

455

-14.6%

14 Austria

2 292

3.8%

28 Liechtenstein

429

12.9%

Source: EPO. Status: 21.1.2019. 1 European patent applications include direct European applications and international (PCT) applications that entered the European phase during the reporting period. The geographic origin is based on the first-named applicant principle.

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Top EPO applicants 2018 – global

50

TOP

2018

2018

2018

1 Siemens

2 493

18 Valeo

784

35 ABB

571

2 Huawei

2 485

19 Alphabet

779

36 Bayer

559

3 Samsung

2 449

20 Nokia

738

37 SABIC

557

4 LG

2 376

21 Continental

691

545

5 United Technologies

1 983

22 Hitachi

658

6 Royal Philips

1 617

23 Mitsubishi Electric

655

38 Toshiba Guangdong Oppo 39 Mobile Telecom. Mitsubishi Heavy 40 Industries

7 Qualcomm

1 593

24 Hoffmann-La Roche

651

41 Airbus

509

8 Ericsson

1 472

25 3M

635

42 Unilever

502

9 General Electric

1 307

25 Honeywell

635

500

10 Robert Bosch

1 286

27 HP

626

43 DSM Fraunhofer44 Gesellschaft2

11 Sony

1 278

28 Dow Chemical

623

45 Philip Morris

457

12 BASF

1 256

29 Toyota Motor

608

46 Merck

432

13 Intel

1 057

30 CEA1

597

47 Safran

423

523 512

468

14 Johnson & Johnson

982

31 Boeing

596

48 BOE Technology

419

15 Microsoft

975

32 Medtronic

593

49 Nestlé

382

16 Canon

816

33 Procter & Gamble

580

50 Apple

375

17 Panasonic

815

34 Philips Lighting

573

Source: EPO. Status: 21.1.2019. 1 Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives. 2

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.

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Top applicants at the EPO in 2018 from Italy1

10

TOP

1 G.D

54

2 PIRELLI & C.

51

3 CHIESI FARMACEUTICI

37

4 CAMPAGNOLO

36

5 TELECOM ITALIA

34

6 PIAGGIO & C.

31

7 DE'LONGHI

25

8 ANSALDO ENERGIA

23

8 LEONARDO

23

10 FONDAZIONE ISTITUTO ITALIANO DI TECNOLOGIA

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Source: EPO. Status: 21.1.2019. 1 This is the ranking of the main consolidated applicants at the EPO in 2018 (first-named applicant principle). It is based on European patent applications filed with the EPO, which include direct European applications and international (PCT) applications that entered the European phase during the reporting period. Applications by identifiable subsidiaries, not necessarily located in the same country, are allocated to the consolidated applicants. The countries refer to the country of residence of the headquarters.

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Nr EP applications PROs Applicant

Rank.

Nr Appl.

§  CEA (2018) (Comm. à l’Energie Atom. et Altern.)

30

597

§  Fraunhofer Inst. (2018)

44

468

§  CNR (2010-2018)

n.a.

~130

§  CNR (2002-2011)

n.a.

117

(dati Osserv. Unioncamere, 2013)

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R&D expenditure 2017 (% GDP) (Source: Eurostat)

IT= 1.35% EU28=2.06% European Patent Office

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EPO Activities: −  Support to/cooperation with universities, NPOs, TTOs and research institutions −  On-site workshops −  On-site IP courses −  On-line workshops −  Dedicated support (IP masters, summer schools...) −  Meetings/Conferences with stakeholders

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Products – e-learning offer e-learning centre at the EPO: https://e-courses.epo.org

Some topics: §  Obtaining a patent §  Guide for Applicants §  Patent information search tools §  Benefits of availability of technical information §  Patents in business §  Commercialisation §  Legal aspects: e.g. Litigation European Patent Office

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Activities - EPO Research programme §  Financial support to high quality research projects (100.000€) §  Encourages more academic research on the role of patents in the European economy §  Yearly selection of new projects §  Selection process involves review process by external academic scholars §  Open to scholars from various disciplines: economics, law, management, and data sciences

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EPO and universities/TT-1 v EPO experts as speakers in workshops and seminars for students and/or researchers (e.g. Kaunas university (LT), University of Bologna (IT), University of Alicante (ES), Democritus University of Thrace (GR), CNAM Paris (FR), Sabanci University (TR) to mention but a few...)

v Participation in and support to TT events such as : o Netval Summer School/Conference o ASTP Yearly Conference o “IP days” in various universities (e. g. TU Munich, ETH Zürich, S. Anna Pisa...)

o  Innovation competitions (e.g. ESTIA (FR))

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EPO and universities/TT-2 v EPO events focused on TT o TTO Advisory Workshops (Munich, Athens) o Progress Conference (Zürich 2017, Athens 2018) o the next edition (2020) of both events is in preparation v Reinforcing cooperation with TT and TTO associations like ASTP, Netval, Praxis Auril

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EPO and universities/TT-3

v Pan-European Seals Programme v Patlib 2.0 /Porto Conference v Ongoing cooperation activities with the European Commission

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Consolidating an EPO university/TTO network §  Work plans/MoU: With whom? i. 

Established European, national, regional networks: e.g. ASTP

ii.  Active universities participating in PanSeal programme iii.  Universities with a long standing cooperation with the European Patent Academy

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Future projects §  Developing technology transfer cases studies − illustrating IP strategy − explaining role of TTO − training material §  A European guide on commercialising research results? (in cooperation with TTOs and EC ?) §  Financing Proof of Concept? §  Scholarships?

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Possible future EPO initiatives? Proposals from Universities and TTOs/1 §  A sponsorship by the EPO of universities’ innovation award §  One (or more!) EPO-sponsored PhD(s) §  A kind of “Praktika Extern” programme, whereby an EPO expert spends a period of time (1-2 weeks) as search- and patent-expert at the TTO §  Dedicated online courses §  IP-promoting videos and games: The EPO could support and sponsor them

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Possible future EPO initiatives? Proposals from Universities and TTOs/2 §  A kind of “Praktika Intern” programme, whereby someone from the TTO spends a period of up to 1 week at the EPO §  An EPO “Key Account Manager” to act as single point of contact for queries from the TTO relating to patent practice and procedure as well as general technical questions §  EPO could finance researchers who want to move to TT or other patent-related careers (e.g. for them to attend a TT/IP course). §  TTO-related case studies by the EPO

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From the EPO strategic plan 2023 §  “The Office will create a hub for technology transfer in collaboration with member states within the framework of a second generation of PATLIB centres, offering new services in the area of technological transfer and supporting universities, research centres, inventors and SMEs. This renewed PATLIB 2.0 network will provide a platform for patent offices and other network players to address their service offering to reinforce the effectiveness of the patent system. “

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Thank you!

The presentation is largely based on material prepared together with Giovanna Oddo, Programme Area Manager “Academia” [email protected] [email protected] Many thanks also to my colleague Ilja Rudyk, EPO, Senior Economist

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R&D expenditure 2000-2017 (% GDP) (Source: Eurostat)

2000

2004

2008

2012

2016

2017

IT

1,01

1,05

1,16

1,27

1,37

1,35

EU28

1,77

1,75

1,83

2,0

2,04

2,06

IT/EU

0,57

0,60

0,63

0,63

0,67

0,65

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Activities – Some of the training packages on offer §  IPR workshop for researchers: “From research to business” §  IP workshop based on CMR case studies §  Study visit scheme §  Online IPR course for researchers

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...The EPO SME case studies: How to make use of patents? Demonstrate that European SMEs: §  Can create strategic value from patents §  Need to know when and how to use patents to support their business §  Will benefit from the Unitary Patent and Unified Patent Court

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