The Emission Inventory

The Emission Inventory: Key to Planning, Permits, Compliance, and Reporting Proceedings of a Specialty Conference New Orleans, LA September 4-6,1996 T...

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The Emission Inventory: Key to Planning, Permits, Compliance, and Reporting Proceedings of a Specialty Conference New Orleans, LA September 4-6,1996

The Proceedings of a Specialty Conference Cosponsored by the Air & Waste Management Association and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT A S S O C I A T I O N

UB/TIB Hannover 1JL7637262

89 /-V

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS

i

CONFERENCE COMMITTEES

a

Session 1 - Implementing Federal & State Legislation Chair: Ally Brasher, LA DEQ, Baton Rouge, LA Development of aNational Emission Inventory Program William T. Stark

3

The Role of Emission Factors in Permitting and Enforcement Clara G. Poffenberger

7

The Emissions Inventory as a Building Block for the Future Kay A. Modi

18

Construction of the OTAG Emission Inventory Database Steven Bromberg and Richard Way land

26

Development of Base and Future Year Emission Inputs for OTAG Modeling Douglas A. Solomon, Richard A. Wayland, and Mark Janssen

30

Assessment of the Effects of Potential Control Strategies on Emissions Sources in Ohio and Downwind Ozone Levels Ralph Morris, MarkYocke, Doug Eisenger, and Bill Spires

42

Incorporation of OTAG and GCVTC Emission Inventory Data into the EPA Trends Inventory William R. Barnard, Douglas A. Solomon, Patricia M. Carlson, and Sharon V. Nizich

62

Analysis of Key Data Elements for the Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) Review Patricia Carlson, Shannah Stephens, William Barnard, Richard Wayland, and Barry Gilbert

73

Quantitative Comparisons of Various Air Pollutant Emission Sources of Ozone Precursors in East Tennessee - A Study Evaluated from the Emission Inventory Development Nandita Bandyopadhyay

83

Development of a Regional Modeling Emissions Inventory for the State of Texas Jeremy Heiken, Gary Wilson, Greg Yarwood, Mark Yocke, Ralph Morris, andLyle Chinkin

92

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) Session 2 - Role of Inventories in Permits Chair: Bruce Broberg, Radian Corp., Baton Rouge, LA Emission Factors for Leaks in Refinery Components in Heavy Liquid Service Hal Taback and Michael Godec

115

Quantifying VOC Emissions from Polymers: A Case Study Jim K. Schulze, Jamil S. Qasem and Richard Snoddy

130

Minimizing the Risks Created by an Emissions Inventory RolfR. von Oppenfeld, Diane M. Evans, and J. Christopher Vamos

136

Estimating Vent Emissions from a Distillation Column: An Alternative to Stack Testing Don Lamar Dickerson, Jr.

148

Natural Gas Processing Facilities: A New Look at Emissions from Nontypical Sources Ronald L Berglund, Douglas Venverloh, and Stephen Zarvos

160

Development of an Air Emissions Inventory for Oak Ridge National Laboratory David D. Skipper

168

Determining the PTE and Formulating a Title V Permitting Strategy for aBulk Gasoline Terminal Albert A. Wilder and Rebecca S. Turner

176

Practical Guide: Tools and Methodologies for an Oil and Gas Industry Emission Inventory Cindy C. Thompson and Terry L Killian

187

Use of Source Test Reports in Developing Emission Factors Kimberly D. Maw, Franklin Meadows, and Kenneth R. Meardon

1%

Session 3 - Collecting and Managing Emission Data Chair: Daniel Wolf, C-K Associates, Inc., Baton Rouge, LA Integrating Existing Spreadsheets Into an Emissions Data Management System Paul Van Atta, David P. Seifert, and George H. Gott

211

Emissions Estimation for a Semiconductor Manufacturing Facility Timothy G. Higgs

220

TitteVCorr^liance Demonstration Using Microsoft Office Kirk W. Attenhofer, Ellen P. Dittman, and Thomas G. Dittman

230

EstirnatirigErrussionsFromAccklentalReleases Daniel B. Wolf

241

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) An Emission Inventory of Agricultural Internal Combustion Engines for California's San Joaquin Valley Dana Coe, Lyle Chinkin, Richard Reiss, Charles DiSogra, and Karri Hammerstrom

249

Quantifying Architectural Painting VOC Air Emissions: A Methodology with Estimates and Forecasts Steve P. Anderson and Charlie Rubick

259

A Comparison of Russian and U.S. EPA Emission Estimates Richard Billings, Garry Brooks, Karen James, Larisa Vishnevetskyaya, Tom Pace, Vladimir Tsibulski, Jim Southerland, and Lucy Adams

270

Effects of Design and Operating Parameters on Emissions from Oriented Strandboard Material Dryers Richard Marinshaw, Amy Marshall, Dennis Wallace, and Dallas Safriet

283

Poster Session Perc Emissions from (SIC 7216) Dry Cleaners in the Seattle Area Kwame Agyei

297

Biogenic Emission Estimates for 1995 Thomas E. Pierce and Michael P. Dudek

309

Development of aGridded Leaf Biomass Inventory for Use in Estimating Biogenic Emissions for Urban Airshed Modeling Lyle R. Chinkin, Mark W. Stoelting, Tami Haste, John Karlik, and Arthur Winer

327

Computerized Methods for Emissions Computations N. Nagaraj

335

MusionorGuidetoStragety. The Emission Inventory-Shift in Relative Proportions of Stationary (Point), Mobile (On-road), Area (Consumer Product), and Off-road Sources as the Primary Categories Approach Attainment John S. Billheimer, John Harper, Ed Laird, Rob Anderson, Gene Beck, and Jerry Kraim

338

Biogenic Emissions Modeling for Southeastern Texas Mark Esles, David Jacob, John Jarvie, Jim MacKay, and Jim Smith

349

Comr«sticflEfriciencyofNatiu^GasRares;EffectofWindSpeed1FlowRateandPilots £. W. Kuipers, B. Jarvis, S. J. Bullman. D.K. Cook, and DR. McHugh

361

RevkwandUrxiateoftr«Mu«knpdSolidWasteLandfillsSectionofChapter2,AP-42 Stephen M. Roe and Ronald £. Myers

373

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) Session 4 - Preparation of Industrial Emission Factors and Estimates Cochairs: Jim Southerland, NC DEHNR, Raleigh, NC; and Garry Brooks, Eastern Research Group, Inc., Morrison, NC Characterization of Emissions from Conversion Varnishes Robert C. McCrillis, Elizabeth M. Howard, Roy Fortmann, Huei-Chen Lao, Zhishi Guo, and Kenneth A. Krebs

387

Emissons Estimation Expressions for Vessel Depressurization in Batch Chemical Operations Daniel C. Baker

396

Emission Factor Development for the Malt Beverage, Wine, and Distilled Spirits Industries Tom Lapp, Brian Shrager, and Dallas Safriet

406

Emission Estimation Methods for Oil and Gas Operations Brian E. BoyerandD. Kenneth Brodnax

418

Investigations of Release Phenomenon of Volatile Organic Compounds and Particulates from Residual Storage Chip Piles Shishir Mohan andMahesh Nagarkatti

434

Evaluation of Source Reduction Methods Through Modeling of Batch Production Processes in the Coatings and Composite Plastics Industries David J. Lipiro and Sean M. Hays

444

An Assessment of Parametric Monitoring as an Alternative Approach to Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems at a Synthetic Polymer Plant Omer Wolff

453

Evaluating Emission Factors and Inventories Using PAMS Thompson G. Pace, James B. Hemby, Edwin Meyer, Mark Schmidt, and Richard Wayland

465

Source Reduction of VOC and Hazardous Organic Emissions from Wood Furniture Coatings Eddy W. Huang and Robert C. McCrillis

477

Emission Factor Development for the Brick and Related Clay Products Industry Brian Shrager, Richard Marinshaw, and Ron Myers

486

SomeCommonSenseAspectsofEmissionEstimates James H. Southerland

498

QuantifyingAutoir»biteRefirustongVOCAirEmssiorK^ and Forecasts Steve P. Anderson and Charlie Rubick

507

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) EPA's Emissions Model for General Nonroad Sources Julie Fieber, Arlene Rosenbaum, Robert Vranka, and Dirk Kleinhesselink

518

Session 5 - Electronic Data Processing and Computerized Tools Chair: Marie Walsh, LA DEQ, Baton Rouge, LA Simulation Management and Visualization for Emissions Processing Using the Environmental Decision Support System Alison M. Eyth, Steven S. Fine, Marc R. Houyoux, and Steve Thorpe

527

Fast Emissions Modeling with the Sparse Matrix Operator Kernel Emissions (SMOKE) Modeling System Carlie J. Coats, Jr. and Marc R. Houyoux

539

Managing Emission Inventory Data in an Integrated Environmental Management System Trace N. Terrin and Susan Pensiero

549

Improved Strategies for Mobile Emissions Processing Marc R. Houyoux and Carlie J. Coats, Jr.

555

Case Study: An Environmental Database Management System for the Auto-Body Painting Process Stella Shepard and David Souten

567

LotsofData,HowDoWeUseIt? Strengths and Inaccuracies ofUtility Acid Rain Electronic Data Reports Jim Schott i-STEPS infinity, Fully Integrated Multimedia Environmental Data Management Steven Riley Boone

575

583

Emission Inventory: A Local Agency's Approach Susan L Kestler, Denise L Bien, and LeRoy R. Gruber

589

Emissions Inventory Analysis and Control Strategy Development Using a Computer-Based Decision Support System Daniel H. Loughlin, J. Kevin Neal, S. Ranjithan, E. Downey Brill, Jr., John W. Baugh, Jr., Steven S. Fine, Jeff M.Vukovich, and Alison Eyth

598

DevelormentandlnterpretationofHighSpadalResolutionAtrrwsrAericEmission Inventories for CO and NOx Incorporating Road Traffic Sources Richard Mann, Ranjeel S. Sokhi, and Nick Nakom Practical Experience in the Implementation ofan Environmental Data Management System Carrie M. Tttosto

607

618

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) Emission Inventory Management System for the Pulp and Paper Industry in the State of Louisiana Craig Tyndall

624

The Role of Strategic Environmental Data Management in Emissions Tracking and Compliance Assurance Raj P. Menon, John E. Hofinann, and Neat Rosen

630

Capitalizing on Information Technology to Reduce Environmental Compliance Costs Jim Schott, David M. Gloski, and Lisa A. Manning

636

Session 6 - Motor Vehicle Emission Cochairs: Greg Jansen, U.S. EPA, Ann Arbor, MI; and Terry McGuire, SCAQMD, Diamond Bar, CA Traffic Patterns and Daily Variability of Motor Vehicles Emissions During the 1995 SOS Nashville/Middle Tennessee Ozone Field Study Carlos Cardelino, Wen-Ling Chang, and Michael E. Chang

647

Estimation of Local Fleet Characteristics Data for Improved Emission Inventory Development Jeremy Heiken, Alison Pollack, and Barbara Austin

659

The Effect on Highway NO% Emissions of Abolishing National Speed Limits Maureen A. Mullen, James H. Wilson, Jr., Laura Gottsman, Robert B. Noland, and William L. Schroeer

673

The EFEE Motor Vehicle Emissions Fee Model Daniel J. MeszlerandK. G. Duleep

685

Scope Study for Expanding the Great Lakes Regional Air Toxics Emission Inventory to Include Estimated Emissions from Mobile Sources Chun Yi Wu, Clifford J. Twaroski, Deborah L Swackhamer, and Lung Chi Chen

697

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Resulting from Alternative Transportation Fuels Using Total Fuel Cycle VeluSenthil

709

Nonroad Small (<37 kW) SI Engine Emissions Inventory Development Sujan V. Srivastava

726

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)

Session 7 - Tools for Use in Emission Inventory Development Chair: Dan Adams, G&E Engineering, Baton Rouge, LA Getting the Word Out: Distribution of EPA's New and Revised Electronic Emission Estimation Tools Anne A. Pope, Dennis Beauregard, and Angela W. Andrews

743

Highlights of AP-42 Chapters I and 3 Updates RoyH.Huntley

752

Use of CD-ROMs for Emission Inventory Training, Documentation, and Data Base Management Angela W. Andrews, Ann L. Ingram, and David C. Misenheimer

767

EPA's Nonroad Mobile Emissions Model for Locomotives, Aircraft, and Marine Vessels: Proposed Methods and Databases Arlene Rosenbaum, LuAnn Gardner, Cyntia Steiner, Julie Fieber, and Robert Vranka

769

Modeling the OTAG Inventory: Problems and Solutions to Modeling National Emissions Inventories MarkJanssen

780

TANKS 3.0-Changes in Emission Estimates Robert L Ferry

788

The UAMGUIDES Emissions Preprocessor System (EPS): A Tool for Emissions Data Visualization and Simulation Management Jeffrey M. Vukovich and Alison M. Eyth

799

The Emissions Modeling System (EMS-95) and the Flexible Regional Emissions Data System (FREDS): A Comparison of Emissions Modeling Tools Allan Beidler, James G. Wilkinson, and Richard A. Wayland

807

Session 8 - International Emissions Programs Cochairs: Larry Jones, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC; and Julian Jones, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC Verification of CORINAIR 90 Emission Inventory by Comparison with Ambient Air Measurements 7witf Pulles, Katartna Mareckova, Labor Kozakovic, and Paul Esser

821

Emissions Inventory for the Mexico City Metropolitan Area Victor Hugo Paramo Figueroa, Jorge Sarmiento Renteria, Cisar Gdlvez Hernandez, Sergio Ziralh HemdndezVUlaseHor, Gloria Yanez Rodriguez, Xochitl CruzNiOez. and Alfonso Espitia Cabrera

832

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) New Developments in Emissions Inventory Activity Along the Northern Border Region of Mexico William Rogers Oliver, Ronald J. Dickson, Lynn W. Creelman, Laura J. Markovich, and MartinusE. Wolf

842

Contribution of Natural and Anthropogenic Emissions to Acid Precipitation Formation in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area Lilia Garcia, Guillermina Barrera, Luis Castellanos, and Dionisio Moreno

855

Control Strategy for Acidifying Emissions C.W.A. Evers

867

GHGs Emission Inventory in Slovakia Katarina Mareckova

873

Session 9-Air Toxics Chair: Anthony Jones, ENSR, Lake Charles, LA An Inventory of Air Toxic Emissions in the United States Anne Pope, David Epperson, Darcy Wilson, Candace Blackley, and Garry Brooks

885

Fine Particle Emission Factors for Fugitive Dust Sources Chatten Cowherd, Jr., Gregory E. Muleski, Mary Ann Grelinger, and William B. Kuykendal

896

Baltimore Air Toxics Study (BATS) David A. Sullivan

908

The Development of Emissions Estimates for the Arizona Hazardous Air Pollution Research Program Ronald J. Dickson, Martinus E. Wolf, Barbara J. Morrison, and William Rogers Oliver

919

Session 10 - Air Quality Modeling Emission Inventories Chair: Mike Fishbum, TNRCC, Austin, TX A Review and Comment Upon the South Coast Air Quality Management District's Emissions Inventory for the Combined Ozone and PM-10 AQMP Dave Souten and Ralph Morris

941

Uncertainty in Photochemical Modeling Results from Using Seasonal Estimates vs. Day-Specific Emissions Inputs for Utility Sources in an Urban Airshed in the Northeast Saravanan Arunachalam and Panos G. Georgopoulos

959

1993CcflirrKrcialMarirBVesselErrussiorisWitruntreCOASTM()delingL>)main J. D. Neece, J.D. MacKay, andJ.H. Smith

971

TABLEOFCONTENTS(Continued) Addendum An Intercomparison of Biogenic Emissions Estimates from BEIS2 and BIOME: Reconciling the Differences James G. Wilkinson, Robert A. Emigh, and Thomas E. Pierce

985

Temporal and Spatial Distribution of BiogenicEmissionsoflsoprene Based on an Inverse Method Using Ambient Isoprene Observations from the 1992 Southern Oxidants Study, Atlanta Intensive Michael E. Chang, Dana Hartley, Carlos Cardelino, and Wen-Ling Chang

1010

SUBJECT INDEX

1023

AUTHOR INDEX

1033