C. How Stilton is made. Use the present tense passive forms to complete the text Early each morning fresh pasteurized milk feed – is fed into an open ...

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Stilton - An English Cheese

Food Science (STAL)

Stilton not only tastes good but it is crammed with goodness. It has milder and less salty flavour than many other blue cheeses. Stilton is a "protected name" cheese and by law can only be made in the three counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire (England). Only six dairies in the world are licensed to make Blue Stilton cheese. Every cheese is graded before it leaves the dairy to ensure that only the highest quality cheese is marketed with the Stilton name. •It takes 78 litres of milk to make one 8kg Stilton cheese. •Over 1 million Stilton cheeses are made each year. •More than 10% of output is exported to about 40 countries worldwide. White Stilton is a protected name cheese made in a similar way to its blue cousin but without adding mould spores. It is a crumbly, creamy, open-textured cheese and is widely used as a base for blending with apricot, ginger and citrus or vine fruits to create unique dessert cheeses. The Stilton Cheesemakers' Association (SCMA) was formed ...... 1936 to represent the interests of the Stilton manufacturers and ...... raise standards. Today the SCMA has the same objectives but is also responsible ..... promoting Stilton worldwide, managing the trademarks and ensuring that standards are maintained ...... all licensed dairies. The SCMA obtained a certification trademark for Stilton ..... 1969. This means that the good name of Stilton is protected and that imitations produced outside Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire cannot be sold ....... the Stilton name. In 1996, the SCMA obtained "Protected Designation of Origin" status ...... Blue Stilton from the European Commission. Separate certification trademarks are needed for each EU country, but PDO effectively gives Stilton protection ......... imitation across the whole of the EU. In addition, over the years, the SCMA has obtained certification trademarks for Stilton ...... many non-EU countries including the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. The SCMA is responsible with the relevant government authorities ........ ensuring correct use of the Stilton name and in recent years has taken legal action .......... traders, manufacturers and retailers in the UK and elsewhere who have attempted sell ineligible cheese as Stilton. When consumers buy a piece of Stilton, they can be sure that it comes ........ an eligible dairy in one of the three counties.

A. 1969

What do the following numbers refer to? 10




B. What do the following words from the text mean? crumbly crammed elsewhere retailers Protected Designation of Origin whole trademark dairy output mould to blend worldwide

people selling something entire/complete a brand protected from copies where milk is made into cheese, butter etc. production a type of fungus to combine/mix full of friable/ open-textured all over the world in other places a brand protected in the European Union


C. How Stilton is made. Use the present tense passive forms to complete the text Early each morning fresh pasteurized milk feed – is fed into an open vat to which acid-forming bacteria (starter cultures), a milk clotting agent (such as rennet) and "Penicillium roqueforti" (blue mould spores) add. Once the curds form, the whey remove and the curds drain overnight. The following morning, the curd cut into blocks for further drainage before milling and salting. Each cheese requires about 11 kg of salted curd that place in cylindrical moulds. The moulds turn daily to allow natural drainage for 5 or 6 days. This ensures that moisture distribute evenly throughout the cheese, creating a flaky, open texture. After 5 or 6 days, the cylinders remove and the coat of each cheese seal by smoothing or wrapping to prevent any air entering the inside of the cheese. The cheese transfer to the store for ripening. Each cheese turn regularly during this ripening period. At about 5 weeks, the traditional Stilton crust forms on the cheese and pierce with stainless steel needles. This allows air to enter the cheese and create the magical blue veins associated with Stilton. At about 9 weeks of age each cheese weighs about 8kgs, and is ready to sell. Before this, every cheese grade using a cheese iron. The iron bores into the cheese and a plug of cheese extract. The grader looks at the plug and smells it to determine if the quality is up to the mark for sale as Stilton. Cheese that is not up to the mark sell as "blue cheese."

D. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

True or false? There is only one kind of Stilton cheese. All English dairies can make Stilton. Whey is solid and curds are liquid. The cheese forms a crust after 5 or 6 days. Air in the cheese helps to make the blue veins. Stilton is eaten only in three English counties. Stilton cheese can be sold when it the crust forms. The cheese making process takes around 9 weeks to complete. All blue cheese can use the Stilton name. The SCMA protects the reputation and quality of Stilton cheese.

E. Which sentences refer to gorgonzola and which refer to mozzarella? Gorgonzola: Mozzarella: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

The best variety uses water buffalo milk. This cheese comes from the Po Valley area in northern Italy. It is a soft and creamy cheese with blue veins. This is a soft white cheese. This cheese has a very strong flavour. The best variety comes from the area near Naples. This cheese is good in a four-cheese sauce with other Italian cheeses. It has a mild flavour and is often used in salads and on pizza.

F. Write a short description of a cheese from your area of Italy. Include information about: area of origin - colour – flavour – texture – manufacturing process - uses