2#####$#MatchingNOUNS##their#definitions# A! 16. achievement something very good and difficult that you have succeeded in doing 17. belief the feeling of being certain that something exists or is true
Mrs. Jones is a lady on Hudson Street. She sent her dog to bark at my brother and me. We gave her dog a big fat bone, And now he barks at Mrs. Jones. She's a lady who lives on Hudson Street. ... I heard Chubby Checker, he was doing the twist, And the
contemporary usage and especially to see how collective nouns are used in social media, such as Twitter and Facebook. This is particlulary interesting to us as future teachers since our pupils probably will be very adept at using social media. Refere
two things to which the noun applies. Without this operation of constitution, the whole does not exist; for instance, there is not one herd, but two herds. It is thus relative to two distinct states of the world that a noun like is applied, first to
Verb + preposition
• A large number of compound nouns are based on phrasal verbs. • The meaning of the compound noun is indicated in brackets at the end of the sentence. • To form the plural, ‘s’ is added to the end, e.g. pin-ups.
Nouns based on phrasal verbs often have an informal feel to them and they are particularly common in newspaper reporting. • In response to the pay offer, there was a walk-out at the factory. • There is going to be a crack-down on public spending. • There has been a break-out from the local prison. • Last month saw a tremendous shake-up in personnel. • I never expected the break-up of the USSR.
A number of these nouns have economic associations • The takeover of one of our leading hotel chains has just been announced. • We’re trying to find some new outlets for our products. • Take your things to the checkout to pay for them. • Cutbacks will be essential until the recession is over. • We made a profit of £1000 on a turnover of £10,000
• Purchase by another company. • Places to sell
• Cash-desk • Reductions • Money passing through a company
Some of these nouns are associated with technology and aspects of contemporary life
• What the computer produces depends on the quality of the input. • Output has increased thanks to new technology. • We have a rather rapid staff turnover. • Just after leaving school he went through the stage of being a dropout. • It will be a long time before the consequences of fallout from Chernobyl are no longer felt. • I can easily get you a printout of the latest figures. • A breakthrough has been made in AIDS research.
• • • • •
Information that is put in Production Change Person who rejects society Radio- active dust in the atmosphere • Paper on which computer information has been printed • Important discovery
Some of the words can be used in general circumstances • Many of the problems were caused by a breakdown in communications. • The outlook for tomorrow is good sunny in most places. • There are drawbacks as well as advantages to every situation. • The outcome of the situation was not very satisfactory. • TV companies always welcome feedback from viewers. • We parked in a lay-by on the by-pass. • The outbreak of war surprised them.
• • • • • • •
Failure Prospect Negative aspects Conclusion Comments Start; situation Parking space at the side of the road; road avoiding the centre of a town. • Start of something unpleasant, e.g. Disease, violence