Compounds nouns

Nouns based on phrasal verbs often have an informal feel to them and they are particularly common in newspaper reporting. •In response to the pay offe...

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Compounds nouns

Verb + preposition

• A large number of compound nouns are based on phrasal verbs. • The meaning of the compound noun is indicated in brackets at the end of the sentence. • To form the plural, ‘s’ is added to the end, e.g. pin-ups.

Nouns based on phrasal verbs often have an informal feel to them and they are particularly common in newspaper reporting. • In response to the pay offer, there was a walk-out at the factory. • There is going to be a crack-down on public spending. • There has been a break-out from the local prison. • Last month saw a tremendous shake-up in personnel. • I never expected the break-up of the USSR.

• STRIKE • ACTION AGAINST • ESCAPE • CHANGE • COLLAPSE

A number of these nouns have economic associations • The takeover of one of our leading hotel chains has just been announced. • We’re trying to find some new outlets for our products. • Take your things to the checkout to pay for them. • Cutbacks will be essential until the recession is over. • We made a profit of £1000 on a turnover of £10,000

• Purchase by another company. • Places to sell

• Cash-desk • Reductions • Money passing through a company

Some of these nouns are associated with technology and aspects of contemporary life

• What the computer produces depends on the quality of the input. • Output has increased thanks to new technology. • We have a rather rapid staff turnover. • Just after leaving school he went through the stage of being a dropout. • It will be a long time before the consequences of fallout from Chernobyl are no longer felt. • I can easily get you a printout of the latest figures. • A breakthrough has been made in AIDS research.

• • • • •

Information that is put in Production Change Person who rejects society Radio- active dust in the atmosphere • Paper on which computer information has been printed • Important discovery

Some of the words can be used in general circumstances • Many of the problems were caused by a breakdown in communications. • The outlook for tomorrow is good sunny in most places. • There are drawbacks as well as advantages to every situation. • The outcome of the situation was not very satisfactory. • TV companies always welcome feedback from viewers. • We parked in a lay-by on the by-pass. • The outbreak of war surprised them.

• • • • • • •

Failure Prospect Negative aspects Conclusion Comments Start; situation Parking space at the side of the road; road avoiding the centre of a town. • Start of something unpleasant, e.g. Disease, violence