Aalborg Universitet esbjerg Søren Heide Lambertsen

Start a new Static Structural

Chose mm as length unit

Build the geometry and model the crack

The crack on this side is made with a ellipse.

At the other side the crack is made of straight lines.

The model is sliced in two parts to get a better mesh control.

Apply a fixed supported on the model

And add a pressure load at 100 MPa that the other side

Then click the solve bottom and plot the stress.

Stress distribution is not as it is expected and the deformation of the crack either. The problem is that workbench sometime add contact elements automatically and these had to be removed.

Remove the contact elements.

Then click on the solve bottom.

Now the stress and deformation is more as it is expected to be.

Then add a coordinate system for each crack. It is important that the y axis is normal to the crack plane. Also add a name for the coordinate system, in this example the name 44 is used

And the other crack coordinate system get the name 33

Then add a commands (APDL) under static structural. In the 2d crack tutorials there is a detail description of the commands.

The commands: CINT,new,1 CINT,type,sifs CINT,norm,5 CINT,ctnc,tip1 CINT,ncon,33,2 CINT,new,2 CINT,type,sifs CINT,norm,5 CINT,ctnc,tip2 CINT,ncon,44,2

! CINT ID number. ! Type of calculation ! Number of contours to be calculated. ! Crack tip node component name ! Coordinate system number and Axis of coordinate system

And then add a commands (APDL) to the solution and enter the commands to plot the results.

The commands: /show,png PLCINT, front,1,,,k1 PLCINT, front,2,,,k1

! Show the PNG files ! Plot result from the CINT commands id 1 the value of k1 ! Plot result from the CINT commands id 2 the value of k1

It is also possible to print the result in the solution information window by the command: PRCINT

PLCINT command is shown under the commands (APDL). By the result it is clear that the path 1 give a bad calculation and path 2,3,4,5 gives a better result. Because of the finite element approximation, the value of k1 is different for each path. The first path for K1 is best discarded since it contains the singularity. The true value of K is usually estimated as the average of the remaining paths.

Crack calculation 2 gives a bad result. The reason is often that the y axis has to be switch because the J integral gives a negative result and therefore the K1 calculation is incorrect.

The coordinate system is changed, the contour number is set to 10.

Here is the result final result